Previous Next Top

2. WESTERN SCHOLARS AND THE ORIGIN OF INDIAN ASTRONOMY
For more than a century European and American scholars have held to the conclusion that Indian astronomy must somehow have been borrowed from the Greeks following the invasion of Alexander the Great, even though the Indians have no tradition of this, and Indian astronomy has a form quite unlike Greek astronomy. This conclusion is supported by the following facts:

These scholars concede that Hindu cosmological time cycles, the form around which Indian astronomy is built, are indigenous to Indian culture, but they believe them to be crude number speculations. This view is clearly expressed by the editors of the Burgess translation of the SuryaSiddhanta when they aver of Hindu cosmological time cycles: This conclusion, however, is in error. Below we demonstrate the astronomical basis of Hindu cosmological time cycles. There are many references to Hindu cosmological time cycles in works of Indian literature which are known to be older than Alexander the Great's invasion of India. Also, the astronomical quantities used in the construction of Hindu cosmological time cycles are vastly more accurate than those achieved by the Greeks. We prove by this, therefore, that Indian astronomy was not borrowed from the Greeks. But the significance of the astronomical basis of Hindu cosmological time cycles extends far beyond this.
Previous Next Top